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After this, a period of political instability persisted, under competing interests from the Kingdom of Fez and the Kingdom of Granada.The Kingdom of Fez finally conquered the region in 1387, with assistance from the Crown of Aragon.Following this Ceuta and the rest of Muslim Iberia were controlled by successive North African dynasties.Starting in 1084, the Almoravid Berbers ruled the region until 1147, when the Almohads conquered the land.On the morning of 21 August 1415, king John I of Portugal led his sons and their assembled forces in a surprise assault that would come to be known as the Conquest of Ceuta.The battle was almost anti-climactic, because the 45,000 men who traveled on 200 Portuguese ships caught the defenders of Ceuta off guard and only suffered eight casualties. On the morning of August 22, Ceuta was in Portuguese hands.In 1437, Duarte's brothers Henry the Navigator and Fernando, the Saint Prince persuaded him to launch an attack on the Marinid sultanate.The resulting Battle of Tangier (1437), led by Henry, was a debacle.
Ceuta had to endure alone for 43 years, until the position of the city was consolidated with the taking of Ksar es-Seghir (1458), Arzila and Tangier (1471) by the Portuguese., Sabtah) is an 18.5-square-kilometre (7.1 sq mi) Spanish autonomous city on the north coast of Africa, separated by 14 kilometres from Cadiz province on the Spanish mainland by the Strait of Gibraltar and sharing a 6.4 kilometre land border with M'diq-Fnideq Prefecture in the Kingdom of Morocco.It lies along the boundary between the Mediterranean Sea and the Atlantic Ocean and is one of nine populated Spanish territories in Africa and, along with Melilla, one of two populated territories on mainland Africa.Ceuta was an important Christian center since the fourth century (as recent discovered ruins of a Roman basilica show).In the 7th century the Umayyads tried to conquer the region but were unsuccessful.
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After Julian's death, the Berbers took direct control of the city, which the indigenous Berber tribes resented.