Iranian dating customs
Even this brief sketch of the historical background shows that the relations between Armenia and Iran were often very strained, especially during the golden ages of Iran under the Achaemenid and Sasanian dynasties. A selection of these early Iranian words in Armenian is organized in groups to indicate the Iranian penetration. Later than these older loanwords many of the more recent post-Sasanian and modern Persian words are found in the Armenian authors.
Still today we are indebted to the one volume that was published of his (Hübschmann, 1897, pp. Bolognesi, and many others (see the articles cited in the select bibliography) have proved by means of Ir. words in Armenian, have in the meantime been identified, or at least claimed as Iranian loanwords (see Bolognesi, 1966, pp. 27f.), even if the last word has not yet been said in some cases: “distant.” Here the important point is that where the phonological development is parallel in both Parthian (or Iranian) and Armenian, it is not always possible to be certain whether a word is borrowed or inherited. borrowings to have come through Parthian (see especially Benveniste, 1957/ and Bolognesi, 1960). They must be examined more closely and the following points must be taken into account: a) Among the Arsacid loans there are words belonging to the basic vocabulary of everyday life in all its aspects including many adjectives, such as “better,” and others denoting colors, even though adjectives are not usually borrowed as readily as substantives. c) Only the Arsacid borrowings were still productive in Armenian so that new words, derivatives as well as compounds, could be formed from them. This was proved definitively by Bolognesi, 1951, who was able to advance beyond the work of Hübschmann by postulating on the basis of different phonological representations (such as Arm. Armenian played a similar role in connection with the neighboring languages in the north, especially Georgian. loanwords occur in Old Georgian literature from the fifth century A. After the fall of the Sasanian empire in the middle of the seventh century A. the Armenians came for a long period under the influence of Islamic masters (Arabs, Saljuqs, Mongols, and Ottomans), but that foreign rule did not greatly affect Armenian culture and language since the Armenians remained firmly Christian. In general they are limited to later, specialized or technical literature that has in many cases been translated from the donor languages. In other cases a more exact chronological classification is difficult or impossible because of the lack of decisive evidence. The Arsacids ruling in Armenia of course never abandoned their onomastic tradition, not even after becoming Christians. for which the name concerned is attested for the first time even when the Arm. times such as the three-stem formations based upon secondary composition or the “theophoric dummy dvandvas” of the ), which resulted from the secondary juxtaposition of two divine names.
C.; we find the first attestation of the name of the country in OPers. D.: Western Armenia came under the rule of the Romans and later the Byzantines, whereas the far greater eastern part of the country, the so-called “Great Armenia” or the “Persarmenia” of the Byzantine historiographers, came under Persian control and was fully annexed by Bahrām V Gōr some years later, in 428 A.
D., and from then governed only by Sasanian margraves. Iranian Loanwords in Armenian The Iranian loanwords in early Armenian are either fully integrated into the language or, at times, cited as foreign words. The words can be traced from Achaemenian times through Parthian and Sasanian to the intrusion of the Muslim technical terms into Iran.
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period, although this does not mean that it is possible to date each borrowing precisely. vocabulary, even though they are attested by only a few words, seem to belong to the time before Macedonian and Seleucid rule over Iran, i. chiefly to Achaemenid times, when Armenia was under Iranian domination but not yet thoroughly Iranianized (see Meillet, 1911/12, pp. The order followed is that of the Armenian alphabet. These borrowings from the Iranian religious vocabulary did not occur as a result of the close Irano-Armenian symbiosis during the Arsacid period.