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The first attempts were highly unsuccessful and by 1657 the first 'privatisation' in South Africa took place. They were expected to trade exclusively with the D. Because of the limited market at the Cape they were forced into subsistence farming and total self-dependence preparing the way for the Great Migration (Great Trek) that was to open up and civilise the interior of Southern Africa.Generation after generation penetrated the interior futher away from the community at the Cape of Good Hope giving rise the name 'Trekboere'.Neither the Khoi nor the San were any match for the Bantu-speakers and were soon forced to take refuge in the drier, more mountainous parts.Linguistic research has proved, for instance, that the Khoi along the south-east coast of South Africa had earlier occupied a territory that stretched as far north as at least the Mzimvubu River.Book: Boerestaat, by Robert van Tonder First English Edition  Contents Chapter 1The colonization of Southern Africa As far as colonised countries go, South Africa's history is unique.Three distinct patterns of colonisation can be distinguished.They formed bands of armed marauders that existed on the cattle they could steal from the isolated farms.At the same time the British administration at the Cape, under the influence of the philanthropic British missionaries, while incapable of affording the Boers adequate protection at the same time forbade them taking punitive action.
The second pattern was started by establishing a provision station at the Cape and determined by population growth and economic factors initially to be heavily influenced by demographic and political influences in its final phase. These Iron Age men, today regarded by archaeologist as Bantu-speakers, moved southwards in slow successive waves, the tempo of migration in all likelihood determined by population growth.”Overgrazing and cyclical droughts could in all probably have been major contributory factors.“Eyewitness accounts by mariners and survivors of shipwrecks provide historians with a source of more reliable information about the presence of black groups in Southern Africa.
The religious wars in Europe between the Catholics and the Protestants resulted in a spate of immigration of French Huguenots who first arrived in 1689 and by intermarriage eventually assimilated with the Cape community.
They were primarily responsible for the establishment of the wine industry of the Western Cape.
By 1736 they had been driven so far south-west that the Xesi/Keiskamma River was accepted as the 'boundary' between the Khoi and the South Nguni (Xhosa-speakers), though some of the Khoi remained living as subordinates amongst the Bantu-speakers.“Contact between the South Nguni and the Khoi, with each influencing the other, occurred over a very long period and led to cultural and linguistic interaction, facilitated by the fact that the cultures and the social organization of the two groups in some respects showed some similarities. The Company was never interested in colonising South Africa with the result that the relatively stagnant community soon led to the farming activities of the 'Vryburghers' reaching a stage of over-production of farm-produce.
Contact occurred in several ways, of which trading and intermarriage were probably the most important .”1.2 White colonisation – First phase In 1652 the Dutch East India Company sent Jan van Riebeeck with a party of 60 company servants to establish a depot to provision ships with fresh produce. As their children reached adulthood they had no choice but for most of the sons to accept their inheritance in the form of implements, seed and livestock and set off inland to farm for themselves.